• Mount Tambuyukon

    The ultramafic Mount Tambuyukon with Mount Kinabalu (granite) in the backdrop.

  • Marai Parai

    View of Marai Parai, a high-altitude ultramafic outcrop renowned for the endemic species described from this site.

  • Mount Kinabalu

    The granite jagged peaks of Mount Kinabalu rising to over 4,000 m.

  • Phyllanthus cf. securinegoides

    The Ni hyperaccumulator Phyllanthus cf. securinegoides has > 18000 mg/kg of nickel in its leaves.

  • Serpentinite outcrop

    At the Wuluh River serpentinite rock outcrops with characteristic Casurinaceae-vegetation.

  • Lower and upper montane forest

    Rough and steep terrain on Mount Kinabalu's south slope.

  • High altitude ultramafic vegetation

    At 2900m above sea level the vegetation is dominated by the endemics Leptospermum recurvum and Dacrydium gibbsiae.

  • Mount Tambuyukon summit

    Very stunted graminioid vegetation with many hyper-endemic plants.

  • Mesilau Gorge

    The 1,000 m deep Mesilau Gorge, the source of the Mesilau River.

  • Stunted sub-alpine srub

    Unique sub-alpine scrub on ultramafic soils on the south slope of Mount Kinabalu.

  • DMG test paper showing nickel reaction

    The test paper reacts purple with nickel from the sap of Rinorea bengalensis

  • Phloem tissue Rinorea bengalensis

    The nickel-rich phloem tissue of the large tree Rinorea bengalensis

  • Nickel hyperaccumulator Phyllanthus balgooyi

    The phloem sap of Phyllanthus balgooyi contains > 16% nickel.

By Plimun Web Design

Welcome remarks from the Director of Sabah Parks

On behalf of the local organizing committee, I would like to welcome you to the official website of the 8th international Conference of Serpentine Ecology 2014 (ICSE 2014). The conference is an international forum to discuss multidisciplinary research related to the ecology, botany, chemistry, geology and soils of ultramafic (serpentine) outcrops. This prestigious conference is held triennially since 1991. The 1st conference was initiated by a group of people who dedicated their work on serpentine research in 1991 at University of California Davis, US, followed by many other major cities in different countries such as New Caledonia, South Africa, Cuba, Italy, Portugal and the upcoming 8th ICSE to be held in Sabah, Malaysia, represent the SE Asia region for the first time. This region, hosts the most extensive ultramafic outcrops globally, with 3500 km2 in the state of Sabah, and more than 3000 km2 on the nearby island of Palawan (Philippines) and over 15000 km2 on Sulawesi (Indonesia). The flora is also exceptionally rich, with 42000 plant species known to occur in the geographic region of Malesia. Mount Kinabalu (4095 m asl) is literally a pinnacle of biodiversity, with plant species richness over 5500 species in an area less than 30x40 km2 recorded. The mountain is part of Kinabalu Park area, which is also a World Heritage Site, managed by the Sabah Parks Board of Trustees.


The conference activities includes three days of paper/oral presentation at the Sutera Magellan Resort in Kota Kinabalu, our State capital; Posters session at Kinabalu Park headquarters; and one mid-conference excursion to Mamut Copper Mine, within Kinabalu Park’s perimeter. We would also offer a range of post-conference excursions to some of the most spectacular ultramafic outcrops in Sabah. Lastly, I would like to extend a warm invitation to all delegates to participate in the 8th International Conference of Serpentine Ecology, 2014 and I look forward in meeting you in Sabah in June 2014.